Crisis in the Mediterranean: Naval Competition and Great Power Politics, 1904-1914
Prior to July 1914, the extensive British grip on the Mediterranean Sea was beginning to weaken, leading to a wide-open competition between Austria-Hungary, Italy, France, and Great Britain. This change, Hendrickson contends, was driven by three largely understudied events: the weakening of the British Mediterranean Fleet to provide more ships for the North Sea, Austria-Hungary's decision to build a navy capable of operating in the Mediterranean, and Italy's decision to seek naval security in the Triple Alliance after the Italo-Turkish War. These three factors radically altered the Mediterranean balance of power, forcing Britain and France to come to a mutual accommodation and accelerate ship construction to defend their respective interests in the region. However, the July Crisis and the ensuing World War obscured these events, leading later historians to ignore these events.
Jon Hendrickson is a PhD in military history from The Ohio State University. He was the first Class of 1957 Fellow in Naval History at the United States Naval Academy.
Pub Date: 2014
Size: 6.25 x 9.00 inches
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